Entering once in the matter and without major preambles, we note that, according to Ayurvedic medicine, five basic elements such as ether, air, earth, water, and fire, are manifested in the human body as three fundamental principles, the time they are known as “Tirdosha”.
From the air and the ether, the corporeal principle of the air is manifested, which is called “Vata” which, within the Sanskrit terminology, is known as “Vata-dosha”.
How do fire and water elements manifest themselves in Ayurvedic medicine?
The three elements to which we have referred, that is, “Vata”, “Pitta” and “Kapha”, are those that govern direct three fundamental functions of the human being: the biological, the pathological, the psychological, the conscience and the mind.
In passing, they act as basic constituents and as protectors of the human body, in their normal physiological condition.
But what happens when one of these fundamental functions is unbalanced or, well, when several of them are unbalanced? It is not easy to answer this question since everything depends on which of them are in a state of imbalance. However, we must note that, in general terms, a predisposition to the processes of diseases is generated.
Thus, let’s say that the “Tirdosha” is responsible for the natural needs and, also, for the individual preferences with regard to food. So, when we talk about “natural needs”, we are referring to taste, texture, temperature and so on.
In addition, the Tirdosha governs the creation, maintenance, and destruction of tissues, while directing the elimination of waste that is generated as a consequence of the different functions.
Other important “responsibilities” of the Tirdosha
In the same way, it is responsible for psychological behavior, in terms of emotions such as greed, anger, and fear, as well as higher emotions such as love, understanding, compassion, mercy and the like. In short, the Tirdosha is the fundamental basis of the psycho-somatic existence of man.
At the moment of fertilization, the so-called “Male Unit”, that is, the sperm joins with the “Feminine Unit”, that is, the ovule. In this union, precisely, it is in which the constitution of each individual is determined, due to the combinations and, also here, to the permutations of fire, air, water, and earth, which are present in the parents.
In general terms, let’s say that there are seven types of constitutions: Vata, Pitta, Kapha, Vata-Pitta, Pitta-Kapha, Vata-Kapha and Vata-Pitta-Kapha. It may seem complex, at first glance, but it is clear that among these 7 general or generic types, innumerable variations arise, often subtle, depending on the proportion in which Vata, Pitta, and Kapha are present at a given moment.